Hymn to Vak


The poem X.125 belongs to the late Rigveda and is considered to be one of the most emblematic texts of the Vedic culture, encoding the profound knowledge of ancient poets about the creative essence and the power of Sound and Language. According to the Rigvedic tradition this is anatmastuti-hymn. The hymns of this specific and rare genre in Rigveda have been composed not in the format of a praise or prayer to the gods as the usual poems in the first Veda, but in the format of a god’s words, addressed to the adepts. The god himself „speaks“ to the mortals, „impersonalized“ in the priest who recites the hymn. In the present hymn the Goddess of Speech, Vak, being the hidden energy represented trough the activities of other gods, reveals her capacity to create the world.